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Toutes les publications du CMH

2014

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  • Barbot, J., Parizot, I., & Winance, M. (2014). "No-fault" compensation for victims of medical injuries. Ten years of implementing the French model. Health Policy, 114(2), 236-245.
    Résumé : ### Context For decades and in many countries, the issue of compensation for victims of medical injuries has led to lively debates. In 2002, a law set up a new model for compensation in France - based on the creation of a "no fault" compensation scheme and of an out-of-court settlement mechanism. This is one of the most recent models to have been adopted in European countries. This article analyses the choices made by the law and discusses the key figures of its ten years of implementation. ### Methods We conducted (1) a study of debates regarding compensation for victims of medical injuries in France; (2) a comparative analysis of the different models of compensation which had already been adopted in different countries; (3) a study of primary sources provided by the bodies in charge of the French new out-of-court settlement mechanism; and (4) a statistical analysis of the exhaustive list of 18,258 claims filed between 2003 and 2009. ### Results The article highlights the context which led to the adoption of the 2002 law on the quality of care and patients' rights. It analyses, from a comparative standpoint, the specificities of the new compensation model set up by the law. It shows how the opportunities for victims of medical injuries to be compensated had improved in France. Finally, we discuss the limits of the new model and what the next step might be to improve access to compensation for victims of medical injuries. ER - End of Reference

  • Beck, F., Richard, J. - B., Nguyen-Thanh, V., Montagni, I., Parizot, I., & Renahy, E. (2014). The use of the internet as a health information resource among french young adults : results from a nationally representative survey. Journal Of Medical Internet Research, 16(5). Consulté de http://www.jmir.org/2014/5/e128/
    Résumé : Background: The Internet is one of the main resources of health information especially for young adults, but website content is not always trustworthy or validated. Little is known about this specific population and the importance of online health searches for use and impact. It is fundamental to assess behaviors and attitudes of young people looking for online health-related information and their level of trust in such information. Objective: The objective is to describe the characteristics of Internet users aged 15-30 years who use the Web as a health information resource and their trust in it, and to define the context and the effect of such use on French young adults' behavior in relation to their medical consultations. Methods: We used the French Health Barometer 2010, a nationally representative survey of 27,653 individuals that investigates population health behaviors and concerns. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed using a subsample of 1052 young adults aged 15-30 years to estimate associations between demographics, socioeconomic, and health status and (1) the use of the Internet to search for health information, and (2) its impact on health behaviors and the physician-patient relationship. Results: In 2010, 48.5% (474/977) of Web users aged 15-30 years used the Internet for health purposes. Those who did not use the Internet for health purposes reported being informed enough by other sources (75.0%, 377/503), stated they preferred seeing a doctor (74.1%, 373/503) or did not trust the information on the Internet (67.2%, 338/503). However, approximately 80% (371/474) of young online health seekers considered the information found online reliable. Women (P<.001) and people with higher sociocultural positions (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.9 and OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7 for employees and manual workers, respectively, vs individuals with executive or manager positions) were more likely to use the Internet for health purposes. For a subsample of women only, online health seeking was more likely among those having a child (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.7) and experiencing psychological distress (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.0-4.0). Finally, for online health seekers aged 15-30 years, one-third (33.3%, 157/474) reported they changed their health behaviors (eg, frequency of medical consultations, way of taking care of one's own health) because of their online searches. Different factors were associated with different outcomes of change, but psychological distress, poor quality of life, and low income were the most common. Conclusions: The Internet is a useful tool to spread health information and prevention campaigns, especially to target young adults. Young adults trust online information and consider the Internet as a valid source of health advice. Health agencies should ensure the improvement of online health information quality and the creation of health-related websites and programs dedicated to young adults. ER - End of Reference

  • Beck, F., Richard, J. - B., Nguyen-Thanh, V., Parizot, I., Montagni, I., & Renahy, E. (2014). Le recours à l'Internet-santé parmi les 15-30 ans. La Santé En Action, (428), 4-5. Consulté de http://www.inpes.sante.fr/SLH/sommaires/428.asp

  • Bory, A., & Pochic, S. (2014). ‪Contester et résister aux restructurations‪. Comment s’opposer à la "fatalité du marché" ? Travail Et Emploi, 137(1), 5-20. Consulté de http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=TE_137_0005
  • Causalités historiques. XVI-XXIe s. (2014). Causalités historiques. XVI-XXIe s. (É. Brian, Éd.)Revue De Synthèse, 135(1), 166.
  • Brian, É. (2014). Causalités historiques. Les choses, les causes et les chances. Revue De Synthèse, 135(1), 1-8.

  • Brian, E., & Weber, F. (2014). La place de Mauss dans l’anthropologie mondiale et dans la mémoire de la sociologie française. Trivium. Revue Franco-Allemande De Sciences Humaines Et Sociales, 17. Consulté de http://trivium.revues.org/4824

  • Relire Marcel Mauss. Relektüren von Marcel Mauss. (2014). Relire Marcel Mauss. Relektüren von Marcel Mauss. (E. Brian, F. Weber, S. Moebius, & F. Nungesser, Éd.)Trivium. Revue Franco-Allemande De Sciences Humaines Et Sociales, 17. Consulté de http://trivium.revues.org/4824

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